S-V Pattern 2:
A sentence can be inverted, placing
the subject at the end. This positioning may cause confusion about
which word is the subject. [Note subject and correct verb are in
are / is four
Example: Under the desk
is /are the
Pattern 3: Neither/nor
and either/or patterns require that the writer choose a verb to
match the number of the subject following the nor or the or.
[Note subject and correct verb are in colored text.]
Neither the teacher nor
the students are / is
Example: Neither the students
nor the teacher is
/ are present today.
S-V Pattern 4:
A series of singular subjects
requires a plural verb choice. [Note subject and correct verb are in
oranges, and apples
are / is required in the
Example: A cup and a
were set / was set on the
S-V Pattern 5:
Fractions or percentages as subjects require
the noun in the prepositional phrase following them to determine the
verb number. [Note subject and correct verb are in colored text.]
of the students
/ passes the first mastery test.
of the situation
is / are
S-V Pattern 6:
Phrases separating the subject and
verb may cause confusion about whether the subject is plural or
singular. They need to be disregarded when choosing the verb. [Note
subject and correct verb are in colored text.]
along with her students,
are going to the concert.
Pattern 7: Some
subjects, while in plural form, function as singular.
The New York
is a popular newspaper
S-V Pattern 8:
When the verb is chosen for a
indefinite pronoun in a dependent relative clause, it must match the
pronoun's referent (that is, the word it refers to in the sentence).
Example: She is one of the
learn new technologies.
S-V Pattern 9:
Nouns express quantities of
amount--time, money, weight, length, etc.--require singular verbs when
thought of as a unit.
a long time to work at a single
S-V Pattern 10:
Collective nouns--faculty, staff, band,
committee, Congress, flock, herd, team, jury, audience, etc.--can be
viewed as singular or plural depending on the meaning expressed.
playing its music.
are wearing their new